Agrarian migrant workers in times of Covid-19 pandemic: the cases of Spain and Portugal

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Autor(es): dc.creatorJacquinet, Marc-
Autor(es): dc.creatorBussotti, Luca-
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Descrição: dc.description33ª Conferência da EAEPE, realizada de 2-4 de setembro de 2021-
Descrição: dc.descriptionThe research addresses the impact of the pandemic on rural migrant workers in two Southern European countries that are at the center of a restructured supply chains of fresh vegetables: Portugal and Spain, where a new political economy of agriculture emerged in the last decades. These two well-known countries for wine produce also olive, olive oils, almonds, tomatoes, oranges, grapes, and other fruits and vegetables. Traditionally, the workers were still in the 1990s mostly coming from local places. Now, immigrants from Sub-Saharan and Northern Africa and from Eastern Europe, the Middle East, and Asia are a large part of the agrarian labor force. The vulnerability, discrimination, and difficulties of livelihood of these migrants workers are common currency and, despite contradictory economic incentives, the pandemic has made matters worst, especially for women and individuals not speaking the local languages. After describing the historical evolution and differences of the agrarian sectors of the two countries for fresh fruits and vegetables, we discuss the impact of the pandemic with a focus on gender. Whereas the situation before the pandemic was precarious and slowly improving on some counts, namely the increase of worker organization, the current process is one of recess. The paper identifies questions neglected by the literature on the pandemic in rural areas, in particular the vulnerability of immigrant workers to hunger, austerity, gender divide and discrimination, health risks, heavy constrained work, deportation, joblessness, and the lack of policies to ease social and economic ills beyond the focus on temporary normalization and repression.-
Descrição: dc.descriptioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion-
Idioma: dc.languageen-
Publicador: dc.publisherEAEPE-
Direitos: dc.rightsembargoedAccess-
Palavras-chave: dc.subjectImmigration-
Palavras-chave: dc.subjectImmigrant worker-
Palavras-chave: dc.subjectPolitical economy-
Palavras-chave: dc.subjectODS::08:Trabalho Digno e Crescimento Económico-
Palavras-chave: dc.subjectODS::12:Produção e Consumo Sustentáveis-
Título: dc.titleAgrarian migrant workers in times of Covid-19 pandemic: the cases of Spain and Portugal-
Tipo de arquivo: dc.typeaula digital-
Aparece nas coleções:Repositório Aberto - Universidade Aberta (Portugal)

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