Effect of pelleting and pellet size of a concentrate for intensively reared beef cattle on in vitro fermentation by two different approaches

Registro completo de metadados
MetadadosDescriçãoIdioma
Autor(es): dc.contributorUniversidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)-
Autor(es): dc.creatorBertipaglia, L. M. A.-
Autor(es): dc.creatorFondevila, M.-
Autor(es): dc.creatorvan Laar, H.-
Autor(es): dc.creatorCastrillo, C.-
Data de aceite: dc.date.accessioned2021-03-10T16:39:37Z-
Data de disponibilização: dc.date.available2021-03-10T16:39:37Z-
Data de envio: dc.date.issued2014-05-20-
Data de envio: dc.date.issued2014-05-20-
Data de envio: dc.date.issued2010-08-11-
Fonte completa do material: dc.identifierhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2010.05.010-
Fonte completa do material: dc.identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/11449/4609-
Fonte: dc.identifier.urihttp://educapes.capes.gov.br/handle/11449/4609-
Descrição: dc.descriptionNUTRECO Nederland B.V.-
Descrição: dc.descriptionCoordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES)-
Descrição: dc.descriptionNUTRECO Nederland B.V.: OTRI 2007/0035-
Descrição: dc.descriptionCAPES: PHB2005-0111-PC-
Descrição: dc.descriptionTwo in vitro experiments were performed to evaluate the effect of concentrate pelleting for intensively reared cattle on rumen microbial fermentation. In Experiment 1, a concentrate was incubated as meal (M) or pelleted to 3.5 (P3.5) and 10 (P10) mm diameter, either in their original form or re-ground to 1 mm particle size (MG, P3.5G and P10G) and their gas production pattern was studied. When the concentrate was incubated in its original form, gas produced with M was higher than with P10 at 1 h and from 3 to 6h of incubation (P<0.05). showing that pelleting to 10 mm diameter delayed microbial fermentation of the concentrate at the initial stages of incubation. When the concentrate was incubated ground, MG produced the lowest gas volume up to 8 h (P<0.05), but there were no differences with P10G afterwards. This indicates that, once avoided the limitation of microbial accessibility by pellet and particle size, fermentation increased because starch gelatinisation was promoted by processing. However, the magnitude of this effect was not different between the two pellet sizes. In Experiment 2, the original forms of concentrate (M, P3.5 and P10) were incubated for 24 h in a semicontinuous incubation system at pH 6.5 and 5.8, and concentration of volatile fatty acid (VFA) was monitored at 4 and 10 h. The pH reduction decreased gas production throughout the experimental period (P<0.001). Gas production from M was higher than P10 up to 4h (P<0.05), at 6h and from 20 to 24h (P<0.10). Total VFA concentration at 4h was lowest with P10 (P<0.01), but no differences were recorded at 10 h. Results from Experiment 2 support those from Experiment 1, even at pH 5.8 and at a liquid outflow rate of 0.10/h, that could be expected in intensively reared beef cattle. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.-
Formato: dc.format88-95-
Idioma: dc.languageen-
Publicador: dc.publisherElsevier B.V.-
Relação: dc.relationAnimal Feed Science and Technology-
Relação: dc.relation2.143-
Relação: dc.relation0,937-
Direitos: dc.rightsclosedAccess-
Palavras-chave: dc.subjectPelleting-
Palavras-chave: dc.subjectparticle size-
Palavras-chave: dc.subjectIn vitro fermentation-
Palavras-chave: dc.subjectpH-
Palavras-chave: dc.subjectIntensively reared cattle-
Título: dc.titleEffect of pelleting and pellet size of a concentrate for intensively reared beef cattle on in vitro fermentation by two different approaches-
Tipo de arquivo: dc.typelivro digital-
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