Fractionation of Zn, Cd and Pb in a Tropical Soil After Nine-Year Sewage Sludge Applications

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Autor(es): dc.contributorUniversidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)-
Autor(es): dc.creatorNogueira, T. A. R.-
Autor(es): dc.creatorMelo, W. J.-
Autor(es): dc.creatorFonseca, I. M.-
Autor(es): dc.creatorMarcussi, S. A.-
Autor(es): dc.creatorMelo, G. M. P.-
Autor(es): dc.creatorMarques, M. Q.-
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Descrição: dc.descriptionFundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)-
Descrição: dc.descriptionMaster scholarship-
Descrição: dc.descriptionMaster scholarship: 06/54620-6-
Descrição: dc.descriptionA long-term field experiment was carried out in the experiment farm of the São Paulo State University, Brazil, to evaluate the phytoavailability of Zn, Cd and Pb in a Typic Eutrorthox soil treated with sewage sludge for nine consecutive years, using the sequential extraction and organic matter fractionation methods. During 2005-2006, maize (Zea mays L.) was used as test plants and the experimental design was in randomized complete blocks with four treatments and five replicates. The treatments consisted of four sewage sludge rates (in a dry basis): 0.0 (control, with mineral fertilization), 45.0, 90.0 and 127.5 t ha(-1), annually for nine years. Before maize sowing, the sewage sludge was manually applied to the soil and incorporated at 10 cm depth. Soil samples (0-20 cm layer) for Zn, Cd and Pb analysis were collected 60 days after sowing. The successive applications of sewage sludge to the soil did not affect heavy metal (Cd and Pb) fractions in the soil, with exception of Zn fractions. The Zn, Cd and Pb distributions in the soil were strongly associated with humin and residual fractions, which are characterized by stable chemical bonds. Zinc, Cd and Pb in the soil showed low phytoavailability after nine-year successive applications of sewage sludge to the soil.-
Formato: dc.format545-556-
Idioma: dc.languageen-
Publicador: dc.publisherScience Press-
Relação: dc.relationPedosphere-
Relação: dc.relation2.430-
Relação: dc.relation0,802-
Direitos: dc.rightsclosedAccess-
Palavras-chave: dc.subjectHeavy metals-
Palavras-chave: dc.subjectHumic substances-
Palavras-chave: dc.subjectSequential extraction-
Palavras-chave: dc.subjectZea mays L.-
Título: dc.titleFractionation of Zn, Cd and Pb in a Tropical Soil After Nine-Year Sewage Sludge Applications-
Tipo de arquivo: dc.typelivro digital-
Aparece nas coleções:Repositório Institucional - Unesp

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