Thermoregulatory responses of Alpine goats during thermal stress

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Autor(es): dc.contributorUniversidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)-
Autor(es): dc.creatorBaccari, F.-
Autor(es): dc.creatorBrasil, LHA-
Autor(es): dc.creatorTeodoro, S. M.-
Autor(es): dc.creatorGoncalves, H. C.-
Autor(es): dc.creatorWechsler, F. S.-
Autor(es): dc.creatorAguiar, I. S.-
Autor(es): dc.creatorBottcher, R. W.-
Autor(es): dc.creatorHoff, S. J.-
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Descrição: dc.descriptionEight non-lactating Alpine goats, averaging 57kg, were paired according to weight and assigned randomly to 2 groups of 4 animals, control (CG) and treatment (TG) with feed and water ad libitum. An adjustment period of 7 days with all animals at thermoneutral conditions was followed by a 28-day period when TG was exposed to air temperatures averaging 35.0 degrees C, from 0800 to 1700h, including simulated solar radiation, and thermoneutral conditions from 2700 to 0800h. CG remained under thermoneutral conditions. Respiratory frequency was greater, tidal volume lower, and respiratory minute volume greater for TG than CG (176 vs 30 breaths/min, P<.001, 105 vs 293ml, P<.01; 18.4 vs 9.21, P<.05). Respiratory evaporation and sweating rate as well as rectal and skin temperatures were greater for TG than CG (14.59 vs 6.32 kcal h(-1), P<.01; 43.97 vs.00 g m(-2) h(-1), P<.001; 40.0 vs 38.9 degrees C, P<.001; 39.3 vs 35.8 degrees C, P<.01). There was no difference between groups for hematocrit and feed intake, but water consumption was greater for stressed goats than control ones (28.3 vs 29.7%; 1.44 vs 1.49 kg/day; 3.07 vs 1.26 I/day, P<.05), Final body weights of both groups were similar to initial ones. It was concluded that non-lactating goats tolerated well a 35 degrees C day temperature which is 5 degrees C above the upper critical temperature, with a black-globe temperature of 39.1 degrees C and a Botsball temperature of 28.3 degrees C, though a certain degree of hyperthermia may occur, as long as thermoneutral conditions have prevailed during the night.-
Formato: dc.format789-794-
Idioma: dc.languageen-
Publicador: dc.publisherAmer Soc Agricultural Engineers-
Relação: dc.relationLivestock Environment V, Vols I and Ii-
Direitos: dc.rightsopenAccess-
Palavras-chave: dc.subjectthermoregulation-
Palavras-chave: dc.subjectheat exposure-
Palavras-chave: dc.subjectenvironmental effects-
Título: dc.titleThermoregulatory responses of Alpine goats during thermal stress-
Aparece nas coleções:Repositório Institucional - Unesp

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