Brazilian biosafety law and the new breeding technologies

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Autor(es): dc.contributorEmpresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária (EMBRAPA)-
Autor(es): dc.contributorUniv Catolica Brasilia-
Autor(es): dc.contributorUniversidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp)-
Autor(es): dc.contributorUniversidade de São Paulo (USP)-
Autor(es): dc.contributorUniversidade Estadual de Londrina (UEL)-
Autor(es): dc.contributorUniversidade Federal do Espírito Santo (UFES)-
Autor(es): dc.contributorCTNBio Natl Biosafety Tech Commiss-
Autor(es): dc.creatorNepomuceno, Alexandre Lima-
Autor(es): dc.creatorFuganti-Pagliarini, Renata-
Autor(es): dc.creatorFelipe, Maria Sueli Soares-
Autor(es): dc.creatorMolinari, Hugo Bruno Correa-
Autor(es): dc.creatorVelini, Edivaldo Domingues [UNESP]-
Autor(es): dc.creatorPinto, Eduardo Romano de Campos-
Autor(es): dc.creatorDagli, Maria Lucia Zaidan-
Autor(es): dc.creatorAndrade Filho, Galdino-
Autor(es): dc.creatorFernandes, Patricia Machado Bueno-
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Descrição: dc.descriptionGlobally, the area of land cultivated with genetically modified ( GM) crops has increased a thousand-fold over the last two decades. Although this technology has become important for food production, the regulatory frameworks that underpin these outcomes are based on a list of requirements for a risk assessment that differ from country to country. In recent years, policy-makers have had the opportunity to learn from the controversies over transgenics to create effective regulatory milestones for emerging technologies, allowing them to reach their potential for a more sustainable agriculture, ensuring food security. In Brazil, Law No. 11.105 of 24 March 2005 established a framework with four main organizations responsible for risk assessment and management. However, most of new breeding technologies did not exist at that time and were not considered in this law. In 2016, Normative Resolution No. 16 of the National Biosafety Technical Commission (CTNBio) was established to address this gap based on the evaluation of the products obtained through these techniques (termed Innovative Precision Improvement Techniques in the resolution), in a case-by-case consultation system. Briefly, if the product is designated to be a GM, the developer will have to go through the biosafety requirements and will be approved only after CTNBio risk assessment. If the product is designated not to be GM (for the purposes of the legislation), then it can be registered using the existing procedures. Currently, 152 GM products are commercially approved in Brazil. In 2018, CTNBio assessed the first consultation on commercial release of plants generated using the new breeding technologies and has subsequently approved six products. It is expected that many institutions would be able to participate in Brazilian and world markets, developing and introducing new biotechnological solutions and products through a more sustainable approach and without facing public disapproval, a common issue for GM crops.-
Descrição: dc.descriptionEmbrapa Soybean, BR-86001970 Londrina, Parana, Brazil-
Descrição: dc.descriptionUniv Catolica Brasilia, BR-70790160 Brasilia, DF, Brazil-
Descrição: dc.descriptionEmbrapa Agroenergy, Biol Stn Pk, BR-70770901 Brasilia, DF, Brazil-
Descrição: dc.descriptionPaulista State Univ Julio de Mesquita Filho, Botucatu Fac Agron Sci, BR-18610307 Botucatu, SP, Brazil-
Descrição: dc.descriptionEmbrapa Biotechnol & Genet Resources, Biol Stn Pk, BR-70770900 Brasilia, DF, Brazil-
Descrição: dc.descriptionUniv Sao Paulo, Vet Fac, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo, Brazil-
Descrição: dc.descriptionUniv Estadual Londrina, Microbiol Dept, Univ Campus, BR-86051990 Londrina, Parana, Brazil-
Descrição: dc.descriptionUniv Fed Espirito Santo, Biotechnol Post Grad, BR-29040090 Vitoria, ES, Brazil-
Descrição: dc.descriptionCTNBio Natl Biosafety Tech Commiss, BR-70610200 Brasilia, DF, Brazil-
Descrição: dc.descriptionPaulista State Univ Julio de Mesquita Filho, Botucatu Fac Agron Sci, BR-18610307 Botucatu, SP, Brazil-
Formato: dc.format204-210-
Idioma: dc.languageen-
Publicador: dc.publisherHigher Education Press-
Relação: dc.relationFrontiers Of Agricultural Science And Engineering-
???dc.source???: dc.sourceWeb of Science-
Palavras-chave: dc.subjectBrazilian legislation-
Palavras-chave: dc.subjectCTNBio-
Palavras-chave: dc.subjectgenetically modified crops-
Título: dc.titleBrazilian biosafety law and the new breeding technologies-
Aparece nas coleções:Repositório Institucional - Unesp

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