To boldly gulp: Standard metabolic rate and boldness have context-dependent influences on risk-taking to breathe air in a catfish

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Autor(es): dc.contributorUniversidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)-
Autor(es): dc.creatorMcKenzie, David J.-
Autor(es): dc.creatorBelão, Thiago C.-
Autor(es): dc.creatorKillen, Shaun S.-
Autor(es): dc.creatorRantin, F. Tadeu-
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Descrição: dc.descriptionThe African sharptooth catfish Clarias gariepinus has bimodal respiration, it has a suprabranchial air-breathing organ alongside substantial gills. We used automated bimodal respirometry to reveal that undisturbed juvenile catfish (N=29) breathed air continuously in normoxia, with a marked diurnal cycle. Air breathing and routine metabolic rate (RMR) increased in darkness when, in the wild, this nocturnal predator forages. Aquatic hypoxia (20% air saturation) greatly increased overall reliance on air breathing. We investigated whether two measures of risk taking to breathe air, namely absolute rates of aerial O2 uptake (MO2,air) and the percentage of RMR obtained from air (%MO2,air), were influenced by individual standard metabolic rate (SMR) and boldness. In particular, whether any influence varied with resource availability (normoxia versus hypoxia) or relative fear of predation (day versus night). Individual SMR, derived from respirometry, had an overall positive influence onMO2,air across all contexts but a positive influence on %MO2,air only in hypoxia. Thus, a pervasive effect of SMR on air breathing became most acute in hypoxia, when individuals with higher O2 demand took proportionally more risks. Boldness was estimated as time required to resume air breathing after a fearful stimulus in daylight normoxia (Tres). Although Tres had no overall influence on MO2,air or %MO2,air, there was a negative relationship between Tres and %MO2,air in daylight, in normoxia and hypoxia. There were two Tres response groups, 'bold' phenotypes with Tres below 75 min (N=13) which, in daylight, breathed proportionally more air than 'shy' phenotypes with Tres above 115 min (N=16). Therefore, individual boldness influenced air breathing when fear of predation was high. Thus, individual energy demand and personality did not have parallel influences on the emergent tendency to take risks to obtain a resource; their influences varied in strength with context.-
Formato: dc.format3762-3770-
Idioma: dc.languageen-
Relação: dc.relationJournal of Experimental Biology-
Relação: dc.relation1,611-
Direitos: dc.rightsopenAccess-
Palavras-chave: dc.subjectBimodal respiration-
Palavras-chave: dc.subjectEnergy metabolism-
Palavras-chave: dc.subjectHypoxia-
Palavras-chave: dc.subjectPersonality-
Palavras-chave: dc.subjectRespiratory partitioning-
Palavras-chave: dc.subjectRisk-taking-
Título: dc.titleTo boldly gulp: Standard metabolic rate and boldness have context-dependent influences on risk-taking to breathe air in a catfish-
Tipo de arquivo: dc.typelivro digital-
Aparece nas coleções:Repositório Institucional - Unesp

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