Combined analysis of trace elements and isotopic composition of particulate organic matter in suspended sediment to assess their origin and flux in a tropical disturbed watershed

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Autor(es): dc.contributorUniversidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)-
Autor(es): dc.creatorFernandes, Alexandre Martins-
Autor(es): dc.creatorHissler, Christophe-
Autor(es): dc.creatorConceicao, Fabiano Tomazini da-
Autor(es): dc.creatorSpatti Junior, Eder Paulo-
Autor(es): dc.creatorMortatti, Jefferson-
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Descrição: dc.descriptionFundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)-
Descrição: dc.descriptionConselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)-
Descrição: dc.descriptionGraduate Program of the Faculty of Civil Engineering of UNESP Bauru-
Descrição: dc.descriptionProcesso FAPESP: 08/57104-4-
Descrição: dc.descriptionProcesso FAPESP: 08/09369-9-
Descrição: dc.descriptionCNPq: 134169/2009-3-
Descrição: dc.descriptionApproximately 40% of the volume of domestic sewage generated in the Sao Paulo State is untreated and released into water bodies, causing serious pollution problems that affect the water quality and especially the suspended sediments transported by rivers. Thus, this paper investigates the seasonal influence on the origin and fluxes of Cu, Co, Cr, Zn, Cd, Ni, Sc and particulate organic matter (POM) in sediments transported by a disturbed watershed in the Sao Paulo State, i.e. the Sorocaba River basin. POM was characterized using particulate organic carbon, particulate organic nitrogen, C:N ratio and delta C-13 and delta N-15 stable isotopic composition. Eight sample collections of fine suspended sediments (FSS) were carried out at the mouth of the Sorocaba River from July 2009 to May 2010. During the study period, the discharge rate followed the seasonal variation trend of the past 25 years. Zn was the most abundant trace element in the FSS, followed by Cr, Cu, Ni, Co, Sc and Cd. There was a higher concentration of trace elements during the dry season, except for Sc and Co, which did not vary seasonally. The POM showed the same trend, with higher concentrations during the dry season. The calculated enrichment factors and geo-accumulation index indicated that most of the trace elements are of geogenic origin, except for Zn, which showed significant anthropogenic contributions (55%). The elemental and isotopic analysis of C and N and C:N ratio indicated that the anthropogenic origin of POM found in the FSS is related mainly to domestic sewage (97%), while the significant correlation found between the concentrations of Zn and POM indicates that the main anthropogenic source of Zn is related to this domestic sewage. The FSS load transported during the study period was of 373,194 t y(-1), of which 87% occurred during the rainy season. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.-
Formato: dc.format844-854-
Idioma: dc.languageen-
Publicador: dc.publisherElsevier B.V.-
Relação: dc.relationEnvironmental Pollution-
Relação: dc.relation1,615-
Direitos: dc.rightsopenAccess-
Palavras-chave: dc.subjectFine suspended sediments-
Palavras-chave: dc.subjectNatural vs. anthropogenic sources-
Palavras-chave: dc.subjectPolluted river basin-
Palavras-chave: dc.subjectBrazil-
Título: dc.titleCombined analysis of trace elements and isotopic composition of particulate organic matter in suspended sediment to assess their origin and flux in a tropical disturbed watershed-
Tipo de arquivo: dc.typelivro digital-
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