Exogenous bacterial osteomyelitis in 52 dogs: a retrospective study of etiology and in vitro antimicrobial susceptibility profile (2000-2013)

Registro completo de metadados
Autor(es): dc.contributorUniversidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)-
Autor(es): dc.creatorSiqueira, E. G. M.-
Autor(es): dc.creatorRahal, Sheila Canevese-
Autor(es): dc.creatorRibeiro, Márcio Garcia-
Autor(es): dc.creatorPaes, Antonio Carlos-
Autor(es): dc.creatorListoni, F. P.-
Autor(es): dc.creatorVassalo, F. G.-
Data de aceite: dc.date.accessioned2021-03-10T21:31:34Z-
Data de disponibilização: dc.date.available2021-03-10T21:31:34Z-
Data de envio: dc.date.issued2015-03-18-
Data de envio: dc.date.issued2015-03-18-
Data de envio: dc.date.issued2014-10-02-
Fonte completa do material: dc.identifierhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01652176.2014.974000-
Fonte completa do material: dc.identifierhttp://hdl.handle.net/11449/116942-
Fonte: dc.identifier.urihttp://educapes.capes.gov.br/handle/11449/116942-
Descrição: dc.descriptionNational Council for Scientific and Technological Development-
Descrição: dc.descriptionBackground: Most clinical cases of osteomyelitis in dogs involve infectious agents, especially bacteria and fungi. The characterization of these microorganisms may aid in the prevention and treatment of disease.Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate retrospectively microbiological cultures and in vitro antimicrobial susceptibility profile of isolates from 52 cases of bacterial osteomyelitis in long bones of dogs over 2000-2013. In 78% of the cases injuries were caused by a motor vehicle accident, but there were a few cases of dog bites (17%) and ascending infection due to pododermatitis (5%).Animals and methods: The isolated microorganisms were identified based on conventional phenotypic methods. In vitro disk diffusion test was performed using 30 different antimicrobials.Results: The isolates were obtained from femur (28%), humerus (16%), tibia (31%), and radius/ulna (25%). Among 52 cases, culture was positive in 88% of cases. Thirteen genus of different species of microorganisms were isolated. The most common microorganisms isolated were Staphylococcus spp. and Escherichia coli followed by Streptococcus spp., enteric bacteria, Corynebacterium sp. and anaerobic bacteria. In 42% of cases cultures were mixed. The most effective drugs against isolated bacteria were amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium (79%) followed by ceftriaxone (69%). High-resistance rates were documented against azithromycin (80%), penicillin (59%), and clindamycin (59%).Conclusions: The present study highlights diverse etiologic agents in cases of infectious bacterial osteomyelitis, with predominance of Staphylococcus genus, and reinforces the importance of obtaining cultures and susceptibility profiles given the high rates of antimicrobial resistance.-
Formato: dc.format201-204-
Idioma: dc.languageen-
Publicador: dc.publisherTaylor & Francis Ltd-
Relação: dc.relationVeterinary Quarterly-
Relação: dc.relation1.492-
Relação: dc.relation0,520-
Direitos: dc.rightsclosedAccess-
Palavras-chave: dc.subjectosteomylitis-
Palavras-chave: dc.subjectantimicrobial sensitivity-
Palavras-chave: dc.subjectcanine-
Palavras-chave: dc.subjectetiology-
Palavras-chave: dc.subjectdog-
Título: dc.titleExogenous bacterial osteomyelitis in 52 dogs: a retrospective study of etiology and in vitro antimicrobial susceptibility profile (2000-2013)-
Tipo de arquivo: dc.typelivro digital-
Aparece nas coleções:Repositório Institucional - Unesp

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