Geointelligence against illegal deforestation and timber laundering in the brazilian Amazon

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Autor(es): dc.creatorPerazzoni, Franco-
Autor(es): dc.creatorNicolau, Paula Bacelar-
Autor(es): dc.creatorPainho, Marco-
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Descrição: dc.descriptionDue to the characteristics of the Southern Amazonas Mesoregion (Mesorregião Sul do Amazonas, MSA), conducting on-site surveys in all licensed forestry areas (Plano de Manejo Florestal, PMFS) is an impossible task. Therefore, the present investigation aimed to: (i) analyze the use of geointelligence (GEOINT) techniques to support the evaluation of PMFS; and (ii) verify if the PMFS located in the MSA are being executed in accordance with Brazilian legislation. A set of twenty-two evaluation criteria were established. These were initially applied to a “standard” PMFS and subsequently replicated to a larger area of 83 PMFS, located in the MSA. GEOINT allowed for a better understanding of each PMFS, identifying illegal forestry activities and evidence of timber laundering. Among these results, we highlight the following evidences: (i) inconsistencies related to total transport time and prices declared to the authorities (70% of PMFS); (ii) volumetric information incompatible with official forest inventories and/or not conforming with Benford’s law (54% of PMFS); (iii) signs of exploitation outside the authorized polygon limits (51% of PMFS) and signs of clear-cutting (43% of PMFS); (iv) no signs of infrastructure compatible with licensed forestry (24% of PMFS); and (v) signs of exploitation prior to the licensing (19% of PMFS) and after the expiration of licensing (5%).-
Descrição: dc.descriptioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion-
Idioma: dc.languageen-
Publicador: dc.publisherMDPI-
Direitos: dc.rightsopenAccess-
Palavras-chave: dc.subjectAmazon-
Palavras-chave: dc.subjectBenford’s law-
Palavras-chave: dc.subjectDeforestation-
Palavras-chave: dc.subjectForestry management-
Palavras-chave: dc.subjectGeointelligence-
Palavras-chave: dc.subjectOrganized crime-
Palavras-chave: dc.subjectPMFS-
Palavras-chave: dc.subjectRADAM-
Palavras-chave: dc.subjectSisDOF-
Palavras-chave: dc.subjectTimber laundering-
Palavras-chave: dc.subjectODS::15:Proteger a Vida Terrestre-
Título: dc.titleGeointelligence against illegal deforestation and timber laundering in the brazilian Amazon-
Tipo de arquivo: dc.typelivro digital-
Aparece nas coleções:Repositório Aberto - Universidade Aberta (Portugal)

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